Active and Passive Voice Rules with examples is a very interesting topic. It deals with the two type of sentences i.e. Modals and Imperative sentences. If you are new to the topic of active and passive voice, please, first finish the article Active and Passive Voice with examples – a complete guide on tenses. It will provide you the basic knowledge of the topic.
Before we start, let us have a outlook on the topic we are going to cover in this section.
- Rules of Active and Passive Voice – Modal
- Examples of Active and Passive Voice – Modals
- Exercise for Active and Passive Voice – Modals
- Active and passive Voice Quiz – Modals
- Rules of Active and Passive Voice – Imperative Sentences
- Examples of Active and Passive Voice – Imperative Sentences
- Exercise for Active and Passive Voice – Imperative Sentences
- Active and Passive Voice quiz – Imperative Sentences
Now, let go ahead and study in detail.
Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples – Modals
Active and Passive Voice Rules – Modals
In short, I would like to define the word modal auxiliary verb.
“They come with the other verbs. They express the mood or tense.” For instance, “Must” is a modal and express certainty.
The main modal verbs are – will, would, shall, should, may, might, can, could, must, ought to etc.
See the chart and you will better understand.
If modal auxiliary verbs are there in active voice, add only “Be” with the same modal in passive voice. For example- If “May” is there in active voice, “may be” should be there in passive voice.
If the modal is followed by the word “have”, you need add “Been”with the modal in the passive voice. For example- If “could have” comes in an active voice, “could have been” should be there in passive voice.
For more clarity, see the examples below.
Examples of Active and Passive Voice – Modals
Active – We should help the needy.
Passive – The needy should be helped by us.
Active – Suresh can do puzzle.
Passive – Puzzle can be done by Suresh.
Exercise for Active and Passive Voice – Modals
- You may read the novel.
- They must do the homework.
- Seema will sing a melodious song.
- We can win the trophy.
- You should shoot the bull’s eye.
- We must have respected our teachers.
- You could have written the letter.
- The student will have solved the problems.
- He must have done that work.
- We ought to obey our parents.
Active and passive Voice Quiz – Modals
Solve the quiz.
Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples – Imperative
Active and Passive Voice Rules – Imperative Sentences
Imperative Sentences talk about the command/ order, advice / suggestion or request.
Therefore, before you change the sentence into passive voice, you must be clear about the sense it creates. There are three types of senses you get –
- Command / Order
- Advice / Suggestion
If the sentence is a command or order, we need to use “Let…..be…..”.
If there No object in the active voice sentence, use “You are ordered to……” instead of the above.
Active- Sit down. (There is not object after sit down.)
Passive- You are ordered to sit down.
If the sentence is an advice, we use “…..Should be……”
The sentence having request mode, we use “You are requested to ………….”
The students get confused about the passive voice of “Let”. Therefore, we should make it clear. There are two types of sentences of let. See below.
First, Let me do homework.
Second, Let us do homework.
The rule changes in the above sentences. In the first sentence, we use the same rule as before “Let….be….”. But, in the second sentence, we use “It is suggested that we should…………..”
Let the homework be done by me. Active voice
It is suggested that we should do the homework. Passive voice
Examples of Active and Passive Voice – Imperative Sentences
OK, Let us see the example of the above to make them clear.
See the example.
Active – Switch on the light. Command
Passive – Let the light be switched on.
Active – Don’t Switch on the light.
Passive – Let the light not be switched on.
Active – Bring a bottle of water. Advice
Passive – A bottle of water should be bought
Active – Never bring a bottle of water.
Passive – A bottle of water should never be bought.
Active – Please, shut the window. Request
Passive – You are requested to shut the window.
Active – Kindly, don’t shut the window.
Passive – You are requested not to shut the window.
Solve the exercises which have been given below.
Exercise for Active and Passive Voice – Imperative Sentences
- Turn her out.
- Tell her to attend the marriage party.
- Turn on the fan.
- Please. do it fast.
- Open the door.
- Open the door, please.
- Sit down properly.
- Shut down the computer.
- Don’t shout.
- Never tell a lie.
Active and Passive Voice quiz – Imperative Sentences
Solve the active and passive voice quiz – Imperative Sentence
Definitely, active and passive voice rules with examples must have been helpful for you in learning modals. If you want to study ahead. You may click below links.